United Republic of Tanzania

The United Republic of Tanzania’s location on Africa’s east coast and its political stability relative to its neighbours has always exposed it to a variety of migration flows – as a country of origin, transit and destination. 

Border movement is significant, with eight neighbouring countries to the north, west and south and a long coastline to the east with several natural harbours. Migration to, within and from the country produces a complex and ever changing picture. The trend has been dominated by large movements of migrants from rural to urban areas, large movement of refugees to Northwest Tanzania from neighbouring countries, international labour migration and irregular migration. 

Tanzania is designated as one of the eight pilot countries for the United Nations’ “Delivering as One” reform program. The “Delivering as One” reform involves streamlining programs, focusing on areas where the UN can have an impact, reducing duplication of effort and making more effective use of human and financial resources. As other pilot countries, UN Tanzania is continuously testing new working methods and tools. IOM operates within the United Nations Development Assistance Plan (UNDAP), a single plan for all UN funds, programmes and agencies in Tanzania. 

For more information, visit the IOM Tanzania website

Facts and figures  

Capital 

Dodoma 

Population (2015): 

53.5 million 

Area: 

945,087 km sq 

Languages : 

English, Swahili 

Currency: 

Tanzanian Shilling (TZS) 

GDP per Capita PPP (2014): 

USD 2,591 

HDI Rank (2014): 

151 of 188 

Remittances (2014 estimate): 

USD 64 million 

Net Migration Rate (2015-2020): 

-0.7 migrants/1,000 population 

Immigrants (2015): 

0.5% 

Women as a Percentage of Immigrants (2015): 

50.1% 

Population under 15 (2015): 

45.2% 

Adult HIV Prevalence (2014): 

5.30%