Research and Analysis

ROUTE-BASED RESEARCH STRATEGY

To inform effective migration management and evidence-based, strategic and policy-level discussion, the Regional Data Hub (RDH) has launched multiple research efforts along the key migration routes in the region, in particular along the Eastern and the Southern routes.

Eastern Route research: In late 2019 and early 2020, IOM conducted over 3,600 quantitative surveys and 66 in-depth interviews with young (15–29 years old), Ethiopian migrants travelling towards the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Interviews were conducted in Obock, Djibouti and Bosasso, Puntland, the Horn’s main gateways to the Arab Peninsula. A third research phase will be conducted in communities of high emigration in Ethiopia. The research explores the drivers of migration and the profiles of migrants along this route, as well as the nexus between decision-making, migrant expectations, risk perception and experienced realities.

Southern Route research: While other migration routes in the region have received significant international attention in recent months, the Southern Corridor remains largely understudied although it is one of the most dangerous and challenging migration routes on the continent. The RDH is currently addressing this gap through a Southern Route Scoping Research project that will create a foundational understanding of the migration dynamics and migrant characteristics of Ethiopians and Somalis along this corridor, through in-depth key informant interviews at origin, transit and destination communities, thereby creating a baseline of data to conduct further in-depth research.


IMPACT STUDY

What is the IMPACT study?
IMPACT is a study to evaluate how the assistance provided under the EU-IOM Joint Initiative Programme for Migrant Protection and Reintegration promotes the sustainable reintegration of the returning migrants.  IMPACT focuses on Ethiopia, Somalia and Sudan, the three countries that account for the largest reintegration caseloads in the Horn of Africa region.

EU-IOM Joint Initiative for Migrant Protection and Reintegration

Launched in December 2016, with the support of additional contributions from Germany and Italy to the EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa, the EU-IOM Joint Initiative for Migrant Protection and Reintegration (“the EU-IOM Joint Initiative”) is the first comprehensive programme bringing together 26 African countries of the Sahel and Lake Chad, the Horn of Africa and North Africa regions, the EU and IOM around the shared goal of ensuring that migration is safer, more informed and better governed for both migrants and their communities.

IMPACT study objectives

  1. Obtain robust estimates of the impact of reintegration assistance provided under the EU-IOM Joint Initiative programme in Ethiopia, Somalia and Sudan;
  2. Inform the definition of a standard impact evaluation methodology for future reintegration programmes;
  3. Improve IOM’s understanding of Sustainable Reintegration metrics.

IMPACT is the first impact evaluation conducted on a large-scale reintegration programme implemented by IOM. It builds on the MEASURE Project, under which IOM developed the Reintegration Sustainability Score in an effort to monitor and evaluate IOM’s Integrated Approach to Reintegration. While the development of the IMPACT study was initiated in 2019 through multiple rounds of technical and programmatic consultations, its implementation is due to start in October 2020, after the approval of a Methodological Report, which defines in detail the design followed and the operational workplans. IMPACT is a longitudinal study due to be completed within six months after the formal closure of programme operations at the end of 2021.

Role of the Regional Data Hub
The RDH led the development of the study and supported its procurement. The study implementation is coordinated by both RDH and EU-IOM Joint Initiative programme staff, with the RDH focusing on technical supervision on both methodological and information management matters.


REGION ON THE MOVE REPORTS

The "Region on the Move" bi-annual report is the flagship publication of the IOM Regional Office for the East and Horn of Africa (EHoA) since 2017. The mid-year and yearly editions provide an in-depth overview of the main population movement trends in the EHoA, as the region continues to exhibit high mobility patterns, both internally (within countries) and across national borders. Migration in the region is triggered by a combination of persistent insecurity and conflict, harsh climatic conditions, public heath emergencies, socioeconomic drivers, and more traditional seasonal and livelihood factors. As such, population trends in the EHoA are mixed, multidirectional, and intra- and extra- regional, thus requiring multilayered tools to investigate them.

Alongside a chronological outline of some of the main socio-political events that took place across the EHoA region, these reports emphasize the dimensions of Forced Displacement and Regional Mixed Migration Trends, in addition to featuring some of the public health emergencies affecting the region, such as the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak in neighbouring Democratic Republic of the Congo and the global coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic.

Overall, the analysis builds on multiple data sources, most directly managed and collected by IOM, with external sources used to further complement our understanding of mobility and provide a holistic understanding of such population movement dynamics.

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